The Republic of Estonia will celebrate its 100th anniversary on February 24, 2018. The centenary is marked from April 2017 to February 2020 and it is celebrated around the world. The focus of Estonia 100 is on children and youth.
Celebrating the 100th anniversary of Estonia within the Ministry and in institutions under its jurisdiction.
The main celebrations are held in the Estonian War Museum. We tell the story of the War of Independence and the birth of Estonia.
In order to coordinate the preparations for Estonia's centenary celebrations, a government committee has been formed and it is chaired by the Prime Minister. The Estonia 100 steering group and the Estonia 100 organising committee have been established within Government Office, and are tasked with organising the celebrations together with the people of Estonia. Contacts »
Initial self-defence capability and service in the military
Estonian national defence is based on initial self-defence capability as well as membership in NATO.
Initial self-defence capability is a necessary role for all Estonian citizens, who are committed constitutionally to participate in national defence. All male citizens of legal age must participate in military service, although every citizen also has the opportunity of volunteering their services to national defence, for example joining the Defence League.
Estonia’s primary defence capability forms a military force that supports the activation of NATO’s collective defence mechanism. Estonia does not need to develop all its military capabilities independently, instead as a NATO member, they can develop capabilities in cooperation with NATO allies.
Initial self-defence capability must support national military defence with rapid military reactions as well as effecting basic collective defence even in situations when suddenly attacked by a greatly larger enemy force. In this situation the well prepared situation training of the Estonian Defence Forces and the Defence League as well as support elements and organizations guarantees the proper use of resources.
Reserve army and active service
The Estonian Defence Forces wartime structure forms units with different levels of preparedness, made up of active service members, reservists and members of the Defence League. The main strength of the Defence Forces are the reserve units that consist of men and women who have completed mandatory service and military exercises with the Defence Forces. The active service mainly recruits individuals who have completed mandatory service training. The largest active duty unit is the Scouts battalion.