Margus Tsahkna is the Minister of Defence of the Republic of Estonia since November 23, 2016. He has been the Chairman of Pro Patria and Res Publica Union since June 6, 2015.
From 2015–2016, Margus Tsahkna served as the Minister of Social Protection of the Republic of Estonia.
In 2007–2015, Margus Tsahkna was a member of the XI and XII Riigikogu. In the same parliament, he was a member of the Monetary and Social Affairs Committee. In 2011–2014, he was Chairman of the Social Affairs Committee.
In 2011–2014, Tsahkna was the Vice Chairman of the Board of the Estonian Health Insurance Fund.
In 2007–2011, he was a member of the Board of the Estonian Environmental Investment Centre.
In 2003–2007, Tsahkna was a member of Tartu City Council.
Margus Tsahkna has been a member of Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL) since 2000 and has held the roles of Chairman of Noor-Isamaa, Political Secretary, Secretary General and Vice Chairman.
Born in Tartu on April 13, 1977, Margus Tsahkna graduated from Tartu Secondary School No. 7. He studied in the faculty of theology and the faculty of law in the University of Tartu, and studied international law in the University of Toronto.
Responsibilities of the Minister of Defence
The Minister is appointed and released from office by the President of the Republic.
The Minister of Defence is responsible for the organisation of national defence in the Republic of Estonia.
The Minister of Defence leads the Ministry of Defence and decides on the matters within its area of government. Additionally, the Minister reports on the activities of the Ministry of Defence to the Government of the Republic and submits proposals on deciding over issues related to the Ministry's area of government.
The Minister of Defence appoints service commanders and makes a proposal to the Government to appoint the Commander of the Defence Forces and the Chief of the General Staff of the Defence Forces and release them from office.
The Minister of Defence appoints the heads of state authorities belonging to the Ministry's area of government as well as the deputy secretary generals and the heads of departments of the Ministry.
The Minister of Defence makes proposals to the Government on the Ministry's budget and supplementary budget, if appropriate. At the same time, he decides on the use of budget resources and monitors the implementation of the budget. The Minister also approves the budgets of the state authorities belonging to the Ministry's area of government on the basis of the state budget.
The Minister of Defence decides on the establishment of the state authorities belonging to the Ministry's area of administration and approves their statutes, structure, and work organisation.